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Roscenhoil / rôzănhoilă.

Roesan Ibran: roscenhoil (рошшъњөјл). /ˌrɔç.çəˈɲœjl/ Paysan Ibran: rôzănhoilă. /ˌrɔ.çəˈɲɔj.lə/ fem. The nightingale, Luscinia megarhynchos. [Vulgar Latin rusciniola.] The Latin for nightingale is luscinia, as can be seen from the binomen, but Ibran, like French, Spanish, and some other Romance languages, does not use this form directly. The Vulgar Latin underlying forms like French rossignol and […]

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Bonus et quietus et bonus.

Caesar, in Cicero’s Ad Atticum 10.8b: Postremo quid viro bono et quieto et bono civi magis convenit quam abesse a civilibus controversiis? Finally, what is more appropriate for a good man, a good and quiet citizen, than to absent himself from civil quarrels? Caesar is trying to convince Cicero here not to get involved in […]

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Virtue is goodness.

Laozi, Dàodéjīng 49: 善者,吾善之﹔ 不善者,吾亦善之﹔ 德善。 信者,吾信之﹔ 不信者,吾亦信之﹔ 德信。 Those who are good I treat with goodness; Those who are not good I also treat with goodness — Virtue is goodness. Those who are faithful I treat with faithfulness; Those who are not faithful I also treat with faithfulness — Virtue is faithfulness. All right, […]

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Hirve.

hirve. (ír.ve) n. A hero. [Âdlantki *hirvé, from Kirumb *hírós, from Greek ἥρως hērōs.] A couple more words left to fill out this line: — despatch.AOR-3SG — soul.PL vɛʃrɛ strong foove many adə ACC hirvɔs hero.PL əf GEN [It] despatched many brave souls of heroes. I think that, culturally, hirve might have at least one […]

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Needlefish in Pliny.

Acus sive belone unus piscium dehiscente propter multitudinem utero parit. The pipefish (acus, or belone) is the one fish that gives birth by its womb splitting open, due to its great number [of young]. The name belone has been observed to refer to both a toothed fish and a toothless one. The toothed fish, namely […]

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Ablatives for ambiguity

Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 7.9: Accusativi geminatione facta amphibolia solvitur ablativo, ut illud “Lachetem audivi percussisse Demean” fiat “a Lachete percussum Demean”. Sed ablativo ipsi, ut in primo diximus, inest naturalis amphibolia: “cælo decurrit aperto”: utrum per apertum cælum an cum apertum esset. Ambiguity created by doubling an accusative is resolved with an ablative, so that […]

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About 24,800 results for ‘manure into gold’

Cato the Elder, De Agri Cultura: Stercus unde facias: stramenta, lupinum, paleas, fabalia, acus, frondem iligneam, querneam. You can make manure from straw, lupin, chaff, beanstalks, husks, and boughs of oak and holm-oak. The short glosses of palea and acus both tend to be ‘chaff.’ Here, however, they are distinguished. Pliny describes the difference: Acus […]

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Trentish word of the moment.

ningoh. (ˈniŋo) prep. Around; about; in the neighborhood of. For Trentish, I picked up a random phrasebook off Google Books to mine for sample sentences. This example is … not particularly illustrative of the phrasal diversity I’m hoping for, but we’ll move along as we move along. Ningohgrlr kwrlusyixr? /niŋokʌlʌ kʷʌlusjixʌ/ ningoh-gr-lr around-this-place kwr-lusyi-xr be-2-3 Is […]

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Some Drake roots.

The other day I was working on some roots for Drake. I had, from somewhere, picked up the idea that these could be freestanding words on their own, but looking at existing vocabulary, bare roots don’t seem to become words—some derivation for the sake of nominalization and verbalization will be necessary, and I’ll have to […]

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Adjectives associating with ‘capillus’ in classical Latin.

Last week, Iustinus had posted an issue he had run across — a student had attempted to refer to ‘brown hair’ in Latin, but a mot juste in this case seemed to be lacking. I did a bit of searching through my handy corpus and found that among all the classical authors I had, color […]

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